Discrimination Rights

The illegal grounds of discrimination
You can't be discriminated against on any of the following grounds:

  • sex
  • race, colour, or ethnic or national origins
  • disability
  • marital or family status
  • age (unless you're under 16)
  • religious or ethical belief
  • political opinion
  • employment status
  • sexual orientation

Areas of life protected by the Human Rights Act

The rules against discrimination apply to the following areas:

  • the supply of goods and services to the public
  • land, housing and accommodation
  • employment and business partnerships
  • education
  • access by the public to places, vehicles and facilities
  • industrial and professional associations, qualifying bodies and vocational training bodies

Discrimination at Job Interviews (for Employers and Employees)
When you arrive at the interview stage, you are permitted by the Human Rights Acts to ask only certain questions to a potential employee.

Some of the questions that Employers cannot ask potential employees include:

  • Place of birth
  • Race or national origin
  • Origin of their surname
  • Marital status
  • Whether they have plans to marry in the future
  • The number of children they have
  • Whether childcare arrangements are required
  • Religious beliefs
  • Holidays of your religious beliefs
  • Person with whom you are living
  • Political party that you support

However you do have the right to ask them about any arrests or convictions that they may have.

Discrimination and the Human Rights Act
Under Human Rights Acts and the Privacy Acts employers are required to treat everyone fairly in every area of public and commercial life. These Act's ban employers from discriminating when hiring employees and it prevents employers from discriminating against any person that is covered by these Acts.

Such discrimination may include failing to make a job offer to them or offering them employment on less favourable terms than you would normally offer such as no fringe benefits or training given etc.

The grounds specified in the Acts are that you cannot discriminate on the basis of:

  • Gender
  • Marital status
  • Family status
  • Religious or ethical beliefs
  • Colour, race, ethnic or national origins
  • Age
  • Political leanings or party supported
  • Disabilities
  • Employment status
  • Sexual orientation